Recent advances in the assisted reproduction technologies (using vitrification) have now allowed us to freeze, store and later thaw and fertilize cryopreserved human oocytes. This new advance in the field of reproductive medicine provides yet another valuable tool to aid in the management of couples struggling to overcome problems with infertility. This technology allows us to offer the option of oocyte freezing and storage to women concerned about preserving their own fertility. This may be a viable option for women concerned about advancing age and its effect on their reproductive potential or for women facing premature loss of their ovaries or their ovarian function. Harvesting and cryopreservation of eggs may also be considered by women dealing with cervical, endometrial and breast cancer, as well as those facing systemic chemotherapy or other therapy thought to be a threat to reproductive potential.